Muslims believe that Allah (THE GOD) is the Creator
and the Owner of all life. He starts human life
from conception and only He will end it through
natural death. The moment of death is fixed only
by our Creator. There are many verses in the final
holy book AL QUR'AN which emphasize these core Islamic
beliefs, for example:
the Name of GOD the Most Compassionate the Most
"Do not kill yourselves, for verily
Allah has been to you most merciful" (Chapter
4, verse 29)
* "....take not life which
Allah has made sacred" (Chapter 6, verse 151)
* "...and (Allah) is the one
who gave you life, then shall He ordain you to die,
then shall He give you your life again, truly mankind
is ungrateful" (Chapter 22, verse 66)
to these clear Holy Scriptures: Suicide, attempted
suicide, assisted suicide and euthanasia are all
prohibited in Islam. The lives of all are to be
respected, whether they are an unborn child, a born
child or a person who is old, sick or disabled.
There is a clear saying of the final prophet Muhammad
(peace be upon him), which prohibits all methods
of suicide, such as taking a poison, jumping from
a mountain, or by using an iron instrument. Otherwise
hell is the punishment.
European Council for Fatwa and Research has stated:
"It is forbidden to end deliberately (by intention)
or to hasten the death of any person."
Food and fluids, and life-saving treatment
Whether a person is sick or healthy, it is their
basic human right to have their need for food and
fluids fulfilled. We Muslims strongly oppose any
measure to withdraw food and fluid from any patient
in order to hasten death, whether conscious or not,
child or adult, disabled, sick with terminal illness
or frail elderly. It is also prohibited to stop
any life-saving treatment in order to hasten death.
Any medicine or analgesic which could hasten death
is never to be used to hasten death.
"living wills" are prohibited in Islam.
Just one type of will is permitted, that is to deal
with assets and the distribution of the inheritance.
Our "living will" is to live according
to the will of the Creator. No believer has the
right to decide to end his/her life at any time
or at any stage of an illness. We believe that we
do not own our bodies, our bodies belong to the
Creator, the Designer, the real Owner.
cure for every disease.
Muslims believe that for every disease there is
a cure, as stated by the Prophet. They also believe
in accepting any hardship, suffering or illness
and to be patient, as it takes all previous sins
away (purification). However, one should try to
avoid illness and one is allowed to use the best
treatment or the most effective analgesic. Palliative
care is recommended in Islam, and the best hospice
for a Muslim is to die at home with family members
death (that is, according to God's plan and not
according to a doctor's, a judge's or the family's
plan or decision) is in the patient's best interests
and is the most dignified death for a Muslim believer.
for euthanasia and assisted suicide
Muslim believers strongly oppose:
The Mental Capacity Act (which allows
the withdrawal of food, fluid and reasonable medical
treatment from a person who is not in the process
of dying, in order to bring about their death).
* Any attempt to re-introduce Lord
Joffe's Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill.
If passed this bill would allow doctors to help
patients to commit suicide.
* Any future attempt to legalise
assisted suicide or euthanasia.
any doctor to end the life of a patient, even if
requested by the patient, would be a betrayal of
the medical profession. It would mean the end of
the bond of trust between doctor and patient.
is a great gift from Allah and is to be cherished
and protected at all times. Muslim doctors, nurses
and patients should have this basic attitude to
human life: FULL RESPECT AND FULL PROTECTION OF
ANY HUMAN LIFE. All Muslim believers are PRO-LIFE!
A. Majid Katme (MBBCh, DPM)
Muslim Coordinator, SPUC
A. Majid Katme is available to give talks on Islam
and abortion, Islam and euthanasia, Islam and human
cloning and other issues affecting the sanctity
of human life.
IS AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE OF SPUC)